Recording Dates in 264 Fields

Publication date present |  Publication date not present.

Below is a summary, in table form, of the instructions for recording and supplying dates 264 fields of MARC bibliographic records according to RDA and LC-PCC PS; this summary is not intended for DCRM cataloging. Publication dates, copyright dates, printing dates, and combinations thereof are all addressed below.

Follow the guidelines on when to create separate records for different printings of the same edition. Occasionally a curator will request exceptions to these guidelines.

See Recording dates in the 260 field for instructions on recording dates in the 260 field according to AACR2 and LCRI.

When a publication date is present on the item

Situation Publication date Copyright date Printing date Record in 264
Publication date matches copyright date 1990 ©1990 ____ Record publication date only
264 _1 ‡c 1990

Optionally, record copyright date in addition to publication date
264 _4 ‡c ©1990

Publication date matches printing date 1990 ____ 1990 printing Record publication date only
264 _1 ‡c 1990

Optionally, record printing date in addition to publication date, especially when giving other elements in the statement of manufacture
264 _3 ‡a Wichita Falls, Texas : ‡b Humphrey Printing Company, ‡c 1990

Publication date later than copyright date 1990 ©1989 ____ Record publication date only
264 _1 ‡c 1990

Optionally, record copyright date in addition to publication date
264 _4 ‡c ©1989

Publication date later than printing date 1990 ____ 1989 printing Record publication date only
264 _1 ‡c 1990

Optionally, record printing date in addition to publication date, especially when giving other elements in the statement of manufacture
264 _3 ‡a Wichita Falls, Texas : ‡b Humphrey Printing Company, ‡c 1989

Publication date earlier than copyright date 1990 ©1991 ____ Record publication date only
264 _1 ‡c 1990

Optionally, record copyright date in addition to publication date
264 _4 ‡c ©1991

Publication date earlier than printing date 1990 ____ 1991 printing Record publication date only
264 _1 ‡c 1990

Optionally, record printing date in addition to publication date, especially when giving other elements in the statement of manufacture
264 _3 ‡a Wichita Falls, Texas : ‡b Humphrey Printing Company, ‡c 1991

Return to top

When a publication date is not present on the item

Situation Publication Date Copyright Date Printing Date Supply in 264
Copyright date only ____ ©1990 ____ Supply the copyright date as the publication date in square brackets
264 _1 ‡c [1990]

Optionally, record copyright date in addition to publication date
264 _4 ‡c ©1990

Printing date only ____ ____ 1990 printing If it is reasonable that the printing date and the date of publication are the same, supply the printing date as the publication date in square brackets
264 _1 ‡c [1990]

If it is unlikely that the date of printing is the same as the date of publication, supply a date of publication based on the information given
264 _1 ‡c [not after 1990]

Optionally, record printing date in addition to publication date
264 _3 ‡c 1990

Copyright date matches printing date ____ ©1990 1990 printing

Supply the copyright/printing date as the publication date in square brackets
264 _1 ‡c [1990]

Optionally, record printing and/or copyright date in addition to publication date
264 _3 ‡c 1990
264 _4 ‡c ©1990

Copyright date later than printing date ____ ©1990 1989 printing

Supply the copyright date as the publication date in square brackets
264 _1 ‡c [1990]

Optionally, record copyright date and/or the printing date in addition to publication date
264 _3 ‡c 1989

264 _4 ‡c ©1990

Copyright date earlier than printing date ____ ©1980 1991 printing

If it is reasonable that the copyright date and the date of publication are the same, supply the copyright date as the publication date in square brackets
264 _1 ‡c [1980]

If it is unlikely that the copyright date is the same as the date of publication, supply a date of publication based on the printing date
264 _1 ‡c [not after 1991]

Optionally, record printing date in addition to publication date
264 _3 ‡c 1991

Copyright date or printing date differs significantly from approximate date of publication ____ ©1949 _____

Supply the approximate date of publication in square brackets
264 _1 ‡c [1990]

Optionally, record copyright date in addition to publication date
264 _4 ‡c ©1949

Return to top

Yale logo